14 people was indeed omitted on the analytic sample investigation because they reported opportunity consumption regarded as outliers

14 people was indeed omitted on the analytic sample investigation because they reported opportunity consumption regarded as outliers

Epi Info™ app, variation step 3.5.4 (2008), was utilized to help you processes the data throughout the step three-date dining ideas. The food constitution database used with that it tool includes step 1,655 circumstances on following the offer: step 1,307 ingredients throughout the United states Agencies out of Agriculture, 80 meals on the food constitution dining tables of Institute of Nourishment to possess Main The united states and you will Panama (INCAP), 254 snacks out of formulas are not consumed Costa Rica, and you can thirteen foods on the Costa Rican compulsory fortification food category.

From inside the dietary intake investigation, outliers could be the outcome of misreporting otherwise programming mistakes, otherwise they could mirror right notice-report away from low-normative restaurants application. Outliers might not be associate of one’s population’s regular intake shipping and can introduce biases and you can negatively impact mathematical studies and you will inferences. I made use of sex-certain unweighted complete opportunity consumption in the first percentile otherwise above the new 99th percentile once the thresholds for outliers, since the required from the Dyer mais aussi al. (59). Consequently, 804 members remained regarding final data.

Imply intake are modified to have full energy consumption utilizing the residuals means within the an excellent regression model with the nutrition since dependent variable and effort because separate variable (60). Even in the event all the nutrient residuals exhibited normality otherwise near normality whenever plotted, certain withdrawals had been skewed. This type of analysis didn’t stick more closely into typical shipping Franska kvinnliga personer by the diary sales, so we made a decision to maybe not record alter the information and knowledge. To determine the differences when considering the entire properties of one’s analytical decide to try analysis, Chi square was applied getting categorical details and you may Student’s t-sample to possess continuous variables.

Relationship between day-after-day mineral consumption of participants and you can TCRAD score was basically determined. Statistical benefit are computed away from Spearman’s Rank Buy relationship. Times modified median philosophy of eating plan quality get elements were opposed along the around three TCRAD scores. Pairwise several review investigation are presented and you may mathematical advantages are computed throughout the standardized Wilcoxon figure. SAS version 9.4 (SAS Institute) was utilized for all analyses. Most of the evaluation were 2-tailed therefore the statistical value top try place given that 0.05.


Average consumption of your time-modified 14 elements of new TCRAD rating across the CRHEI categories is shown inside the Table 2. For everybody half a dozen healthy areas (kidney beans, create, fruits, veggie petroleum, milk products, and you can tortilla), energy-adjusted median intakes had been significantly all the way down getting teens that have low TCRAD score versus teens which have moderate or higher TCRAD rating. Towards the seven below average section (red chicken, good fats, candy, sugary beverages, delicacies, processed foods, and you will money practices), energy-adjusted median consumption were somewhat lower to have adolescents with high TCRAD score vs. lower traditional rating. Yet not, when you find yourself believed an unhealthy foods and you may inversely obtained, average consumption out-of white grain are notably high in the adolescent having large TCRAD rating against. lower old-fashioned get.

Dining table dos. Median (min-max) of energy-adjusted elements intakes of the full and also by kinds of the newest Antique Costa Rican Teens Eating plan (TCRAD) get (letter = 804) step 1 .

To understand factors associated with TCRAD get, i tested relationships between the scores and you will sex, years, SES, university variety of (public/private), and you will home-based urban area (rural/urban) using a non-parametric ANOVA attempt (Kruskal Wallis)

Complete, new TCRAD get are notably correlated with all of looked at nutrients but full time, glucose, cholesterol levels, and you may calcium supplements (Desk step 3). Total pounds, mono-, poly-, and you may saturated fat had been inversely and you may weakly correlated to your TCRAD get. Fiber, folate, magnesium, and you may potassium showed average self-confident relationship with the TCRAD score.

Table step three. Every single day complete times and you may nutrient consumption away from people and you will correlation that have the conventional Costa Rican Teenagers Eating plan get an effective .

Dietary intakes of TCRAD score components by adolescents’ sociodemographic. characteristics are presented in Table 4. Mean energy-adjusted TCRAD score was higher in girls than in boys (7.5 vs. 7.0, p = 0.0004), lower in adolescents classified as high SES compared to those classified as medium and low SES (6.9 vs. 7.2 vs. 7.3, p < 0.05),>